Question: What Is The Common Name For Streptococcus Pneumoniae?

What part of the body does Streptococcus pneumoniae attack?

Pneumococcal disease is caused by common bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae) that can attack different parts of the body.

When these bacteria invade the lungs, they can cause pneumonia; when they invade the bloodstream, they can cause sepsis; and when they invade the covering of the brain, they can cause meningitis..

How serious is Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria, or pneumococcus, can cause many types of illnesses. Some of these illnesses can be life threatening. Pneumococcus is the most common cause of bloodstream infections, pneumonia, meningitis, and middle ear infections in young children.

How do you test for streptococcus pneumoniae?

S. pneumoniae can be identified using Gram stain, catalase, and optochin tests simultaneously, with bile solubility as a confirmatory test. If these tests indicate that the isolate is S. pneumoniae, serological tests to identify the serotype can be performed.

How does the body fight Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Streptococcus pneumoniae has been shown to activate phagocytic cells and then be destroyed through different mechanisms involving TLRs, subsequently inducing B cells to produce cytokines including TNF-α, IL-6, and pro-IL-1β [30-35].

What is the difference between pneumonia and streptococcus pneumoniae?

Pneumonia can be caused by a variety of viruses, bacteria, and sometimes fungi. Pneumococcal pneumonia is caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae or strep. S. pneumoniae is also called pneumococcus.

How common is Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Streptococcus pneumoniae is found in the nose and throat of 10 – 40 % of healthy people without causing any symptoms of illness in these people. Pneumococcal infections are most prevalent when respiratory infections such as colds are common, usually during the winter months.

How is Streptococcus pneumoniae transmitted?

Transmission of Streptococcus pneumoniae occurs as a result of direct person-to-person contact via respiratory droplets and by autoinoculation in persons carrying the bacteria in their upper respiratory tract.

What does Streptococcus pneumoniae mean?

Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus): A type of bacterium that comes in pairs and is shaped like a lancet (a surgical knife with a short wide two-edged blade). Pneumococcus is the leading cause of bacterial pneumonia and otitis media (middle ear infections) and an important contributor to bacterial meningitis.

What is the treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Pneumococcal pneumonia caused by organisms that are susceptible or intermediately resistant to penicillin responds to treatment with penicillin, one million units intravenously every 4 hours, ampicillin, 1g every 6 hours, or ceftriaxone, 1g every 24 hours. Ease of administration favors the use of ceftriaxone.

Who is most likely to get Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Who is at risk for Streptococcus pneumoniae? Anyone can become infected. However, people at higher risk for infection are the elderly, children younger than two, children who attend group day-care centers and people with recent viral illness or underlying medical conditions.

Can you get pneumonia if you had the shot?

You cannot get pneumonia from the vaccine. The shots only contain an extract of the pneumonia bacteria, not the actual bacteria that cause the illness. But some people have mild side effects from the vaccine, including: Swelling, soreness, or redness where you got the shot.

What is the incubation period for Streptococcus pneumoniae?

The incubation period of pneumococcal pneumonia is short, about 1 to 3 days. Symptoms generally include an abrupt onset of fever and chills or rigors. Classically there is a single rigor, and repeated shaking chills are uncommon.

How long is Streptococcus pneumonia contagious?

The contagious period varies and may last for as long as the organism is present in the nose and throat. A person can no longer spread S. pneumoniae after taking the proper antibiotics for 1-2 days.

Is there a vaccine for Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Vaccines help prevent pneumococcal disease, which is any type of illness caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. There are two kinds of pneumococcal vaccines available in the United States: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine or PCV13.

What are the signs and symptoms of streptococcus pneumoniae?

Symptoms generally include an abrupt onset of fever and shaking or chills. Other symptoms may include headache, cough, chest pain, disorientation, shortness of breath, weakness, and occasionally a stiff neck.

How long does it take to recover from Streptococcus pneumoniae?

It can take about six weeks to fully recover from walking pneumonia. However, most people recover from pneumonia in about a week. Bacterial pneumonia usually starts to improve shortly after starting antibiotics, while viral pneumonia usually starts to improve after about three days.

What antibiotic kills streptococcus pneumoniae?

Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most common organisms causing upper respiratory, lower respiratory, and invasive infections in children and adults. Management of pneumococcal infections used to be relatively straightforward, and penicillin generally was the antibiotic of choice.

Where Streptococcus pneumoniae is found?

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacterium commonly found in the nose and throat. The bacterium can sometimes cause severe illness in children, the elderly and other people with weakened immune systems.

Is Streptococcus pneumoniae a bacteria or virus?

Pneumococcal disease is caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). People with pneumococcal disease can spread the bacteria to others when they cough or sneeze.

Does Streptococcus pneumoniae require isolation?

Invasive Pneumococcal (Streptococcus pneumoniae) Disease or IPD causes many clinical syndromes, depending on the site of infection (e.g., bacteremia, meningitis.) Supportive: Identification of S. pneumoniae from a normally sterile body site by a CIDT without isolation of the bacteria.