Quick Answer: What Are Infectious Diseases Class 9?

What are the 7 pathogens?

Infectious diseases are caused by pathogens, which include bacteria, fungi, protozoa, worms, viruses, and even infectious proteins called prions..

What are the infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They’re normally harmless or even helpful. But under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease.

What are 5 infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases can be any of the following:Chickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E. coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items…

What are the 4 types of infections?

This article will focus on the most common and deadly types of infection: bacterial, viral, fungal, and prion.

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

There are different types of pathogens, but we’re going to focus on the four most common types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites.

What are the principles of prevention class 9?

How Can Disease Be Prevented?Hygienic conditions should be maintained in the surroundings we live in. … Safe drinking water should be provided to prevent water-borne diseases.Provide a clean environment which prevents the breeding of mosquitoes.

How are diseases cured?

The person will always have the condition, but medical treatments can help to manage the disease. Medical professionals use medicine, therapy, surgery, and other treatments to help lessen the symptoms and effects of a disease. Sometimes these treatments are cures — in other words, they get rid of the disease.

What are 5 non infectious diseases?

Non-Communicable DiseasesAlzheimer’s.Asthma.Cataracts.Chronic Kidney Disease.Chronic Lung Disease.Diabetes.Fibromyalgia.Heart Disease.More items…•

What is the safest antibiotic?

Penicillins are the oldest of the antibiotics and are generally safe (but they can cause side effects such as diarrhea, skin rash, fever and more). FQs are the newest group of antibiotics.

What are the 7 types of antibiotics?

7 Types of AntibioticsPenicillins such as penicillin and amoxicillin.Cephalosporins such as cephalexin (Keflex)Macrolides such as erythromycin (E-Mycin), clarithromycin (Biaxin), and azithromycin (Zithromax)Fluoroquinolones such as ciprofolxacin (Cipro), levofloxacin (Levaquin), and ofloxacin (Floxin)More items…

What are the two ways to treat an infectious disease Class 9?

How are infectious diseases treated?If bacteria cause a disease, treatment with antibiotics usually kills the bacteria and ends the infection.Viral infections are usually treated with supportive therapies, like rest and increased fluid intake.More items…•

What kill bacteria in the body?

Antibiotics are used to kill or inhibit bacteria growth. Although you might think of antibiotics as modern medicine, they’ve actually been around for centuries. The original antibiotics, like a lot of today’s antibiotics, are derived from natural sources.

What is the leading infectious disease?

Tuberculosis is now the leading infectious disease threat in the world, killing more people than HIV/AIDS, as reported today by the World Health Organization. This should erase any semblance of doubt that we need increased resources and new tools to address the global pandemic.

What is the strongest antibiotic for infection?

The world’s last line of defense against disease-causing bacteria just got a new warrior: vancomycin 3.0. Its predecessor—vancomycin 1.0—has been used since 1958 to combat dangerous infections like methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

What are principles of treatment class 9?

Specific method.General method: … To kill the cause of the disease. By taking suitable antibiotics and drugs which kill the disease causing microbes.To reduce the effects of the diseases. By taking medicines to bring down the effects of the disease like fever, pain, etc. …

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…

What is the most rare disease?

5 of the World’s Most Ultra-Rare DiseasesRPI deficiency.Fields Condition. … Kuru. … Methemoglobinemia. … Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria. More often referred to as Progeria, this disease affects about one in every 8 million children and, due to a genetic mutation, causes the appearance of rapid aging beginning in early childhood. …

How are infectious diseases classified?

The agents of infection can be divided into different groups on the basis of their size, biochemical characteristics, or manner in which they interact with the human host. The groups of organisms that cause infectious diseases are categorized as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.

What can I use instead of antibiotics?

Seven best natural antibioticsGarlic. Cultures across the world have long recognized garlic for its preventive and curative powers. … Honey. Since the time of Aristotle, honey has been used as an ointment that helps wounds to heal and prevents or draws out infection. … Ginger. … Echinacea. … Goldenseal. … Clove. … Oregano.